Ancient Egypt Culture; the Ancient Egyptians believed there was a great deal of power in a name so the pharaohs chose the names of their pyramids with care. Built during the Old Kingdom of Egypt, the pyramids were meant to shelter the pharaohs in the afterlife. The Egyptians believed the pharaoh. bce) pyramids erected on a rocky plateau on the west bank of the Nile River near Al-Jīzah (Giza) in northern Egypt. In ancient times they were included. By building a monument shaped like a pyramid the Egyptians would have believed that they were re-creating the shape of the first land that emerged from the kill kenny at the beginning of time. Their massive scale reflects the unique role that the pharaoh, or king, played in ancient Egyptian society. Step pyramid Construction techniques Seked Texts Pyramidion Pyramidology. What are you looking for? This site, halfway between Giza and Abu Sir, is the location for two unfinished Old Kingdom pyramids. You will soon receive an activation email.